Moshe ben Maimon, or Abū ʿImrān Mūsā ibn ʿUbayd Allāh, better known as Moses Maimonides, is among the most celebrated rabbis in the history of Judaism and the author of works on many subjects. His writings include influential philosophical and medical treatises in Arabic and two of the most important works on Jewish law. He is perhaps best known for his effort to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy with biblical teaching. But in his own time he was also a renowned physician. Born in 1138 in Córdoba, Spain, Maimonides became a refugee due to religious persecution, eventually settling in Cairo. There he began to practice and teach medicine, as well as persue commercial activities in the India trade. He became physician to al-Qadi al-Fadil, the famous counselor and secretary to Saladin. Later he became court physician to al-Malik al-Afdal after the latter’s ascension to the throne in the winter of 1198–99. It is generally assumed that Maimonides died in 1204.
Gerrit Bos, emeritus chair of the Martin Buber Institute for Jewish Studies at the University of Cologne is the general editor of The Medical Words of Moses Maimonides. Latin translations are edited by Michael R. McVaugh of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.